The theme of this year’s series “EUROPA” which is selected by the European Postal Organisation (PostEurop) and is common to all the organization’s member states, is “ Castles”. The series “Europa 2017” is composed of two stamps which depict castles of Cyprus.
The stamp of 41c stamp depicts the Castle of Larnaka and its present day form. It was originally built by the Ottomans in 1625, replacing an older Lusignan castle which had been damaged. The castle was used as a military garrison residence and to protect the neighboring anchorage.
The 64c stamp depicts the castle of Paphos castle which has been a declared Ancient Monument since 1935 and a UNESCO World Heritage List monument, along with other monuments of the archaeological park of Paphos, since 1980. It is located in the harbour area of Paphos town and its main role was to control the gateway of the port and provide defence against any hostile troops . Most scholars agree upon the mid-/late-14th century as its date of erection by the Frankish ruling family of the Lusignans, despite there being no solid and reliable testimonies regarding any fortification works carried out between the earthquake of 1222 and the invasion of the Genoese in 1373. Its importance lies in the symbolic meaning as the most prominent and dominant archaeological monument of Paphos and therefore it is considered a landmark for tourists and the town itself.
The castle adorns several types of media such as photographs, postcards, postage stamps and gravures. Today the castle is open to the public to visit as a sightseeing.

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The 51c stamp depicts sunset at Paphos harbour with its medieval castle in the background. It reminds one of the Assyrian King Sargon II who referred to Cyprus as: “The land in the sea of the setting sun”. Paphos castle has been a declared Ancient Monument since 1935 and a UNESCO World Heritage List monument, along with other monuments of the archaeological park of Paphos, since 1980. It is located in the harbour area of Paphos town and its main role was to control the gateway of the port and provide defence against any hostile troops . Most scholars agree upon the mid-/late-14th century as its date of erection by the Frankish ruling family of the Lusignans, despite there being no solid and reliable testimonies regarding any fortification works carried out between the earthquake of 1222 and the invasion of the Genoese in 1373. Its importance lies in the symbolic meaning as the most prominent and dominant archaeological monument of Paphos and therefore it is considered a landmark for tourists and the town itself.
The castle adorns several types of media such as photographs, postcards, postage stamps and gravures. Today the castle is open to the public to visit as a sightseeing.

Cyprus as a holiday destination for all seasons offers visitors an exhilarating, unforgettable and care free time. With its: Sun-drenched beaches and dark blue seas, Snow-clad mountains and cedar forests, Picturesque villages steeped in wine history, Delightful treks in unspoilt Akamas Byzantine Churches and World Heritage Sites,

Cyprus exudes a cultural heritage from mythological times and a history dating back to some 10,000 years. It invites everyone to re-live the love life of Aphrodite and Adonis, to explore its ancient monuments, to savour its wines and home made desserts and take with them memories that will last a lifetime.

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20th Anniversary of Cyprus Philatelic Society, International Anniversaries and Events, Republic of Cyprus.

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This stamp depicts a gold necklace with an agate pendant from the sanctuary of Aphrodite, in Arsos, from the Archaic Period, early 6th century B.C., now in the Cyprus Museum, Nicosia. This is a beautiful example of the high quality work that Cypriot craftsmen could produce some 2500 years ago. (see also the definitive set of 2000, Jewelry of Cyprus). Francis Bacon (1561-1626), English philosopher and essayist said: "Antiquities are history defaced or some remnants of history which have casually escaped the shipwreck of time."

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Α proverb is an intellectual creation the origins of which disappear in the mists of time. Many belong to another age but have survived to this day. It is known that even the most primitive of people have their proverbs. From these we can detect the observations of the people and also their expressive ability. The brevity of this type of expression, without additional explanations, is indeed incredible.The proverb "Absence makes the heart grow fonder" has its origins in Latin from the 1st century B.C. The proverb "Art is long, life is short" is attributed to Hippocrates (c 460-357 B.C). From earlier Greek we have the proverb "Constant dripping wears away a stone" and the translation of the Modern Greek proverb is "Drop by drop the marble is holed".

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Α proverb is an intellectual creation the origins of which disappear in the mists of time. Many belong to another age but have survived to this day. It is known that even the most primitive of people have their proverbs. From these we can detect the observations of the people and also their expressive ability. The brevity of this type of expression, without additional explanations, is indeed incredible.The proverb "Absence makes the heart grow fonder" has its origins in Latin from the 1st century B.C. The proverb "Art is long, life is short" is attributed to Hippocrates (c 460-357 B.C). From earlier Greek we have the proverb "Constant dripping wears away a stone" and the translation of the Modern Greek proverb is "Drop by drop the marble is holed".

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To the question "How would you react if after a solution you cannot return to your home, though some would probably return", put to the refugees in 1975 in a survey carried out by Takis Evdokas, they replied as follows: 17.0% I will fight those who signed; protests, demonstrations, uprising, with force, guerrila war. 5.0% I will commit suicide, I will suffer a heart attack, I’ ll be a physical wreck. 15.2% This cannot be, I will not accept. 2.8% I will emigrate. 25.1% I will feel bad, I’ll be bitter, I’ll cry, I’ll be disillusioned. 2.8% I’ll endure until I go too, I’ll wait.3.9 % I don’t know how I will counteract. 8.0% What can I do, I will not counteract. 5.3% I’ll be happy even if only half return rather than none let some return, I’ll be happy because the refugees will be less; let as many as possible return. 2.6% Seriously thinking I will take a decision, it does not matter if it is not very just; if the government says it is right and cannot do otherwise.
6.5% If proper compensation is given to those who stay I will not counteract. If the state will help me to relocate I will not counteract. 5.8% Nothing matters to me; I am disinterested; hate and other. 100% Total .The majority of the refugees about 70% reject a solution that does not foresee the return of all the refugees.

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The British journalist John Fielding of Thames TV together with his colleague Martin Smith were in the Turkish occupied part of Cyprus to shoot a film for the TV program " This week tonight". As they were being officially escorted ever y where, they decided to venture out secretly very early in the mornings to draw their own conclusions and return before breakfast time to meet with their escorts. Some of the things they saw they published in the English newspaper " The Guardian" on 6th May 1976 under the title " The Rape of Northern Cyprus". The 100 page report prepared for UNESCO by Jacques Dalibard, a world authority on religious art, concerning the looting and vandalism of Greek churches and too well documented to be ignored was suppressed for fear of upsetting both Greeks and Turks. The vandalism and desecration were so methodical and widespread that they amounted to institutionalized obliteration of everything sacred to the Greeks. They visited 26 former Greek villages from where only four churches from that number could be described as being in decent condition. They found not a single undesecrated cemetery. In some instances an entire graveyard of 50 to 100 graves had been reduced to pieces of rubble not larger than a matchbox. (Extract from: The plundering of 9000 year old civilization, Academy of Athens) It is known that more than 130 churches have been desecrated and more than 80 converted into mosques, hospitals and hostels.

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Monastic Gospel books with intricate and beautiful illuminations provided craftsmen in the Middle Ages an opportunity to produce some of the most magnificent works of art. Gold and silversmiths of Cyprus who confined their work mainly on the production of ecclesiastical objects of art, and who had developed their trade considerably, began to plate the covers of Gospels in gold and silver.

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