Walking into any church or monastery in Cyprus, one will encounter icons both old and new. The word "Icon" comes from the Greek "Icona" meaning image. In the Greek Orthodox the scriptures in pictorial form. Cyprus abounds with icons and the monasteries of Kykko and Chrysorroyiatissa both claim to have in their possession an icon of the Madonna and Child reputedly painted by the Apostle St. Luke himself. Icons are painted on wood, the majority of which are Byzantine in style, rich in color, gilded and luminous. Well seasoned woods such as the cypress, the oak , and the poplar are used. Where silver is used it is simply to cover and protect the painting, but the Holy faces are left uncovered. In Cyprus, iconographers are usually monks. They are well qualified in restoring old icons but they also paint new ones as many islanders desire to hang one in their homes. Restoring an old icon is a delicate and laborious task and the materials used are especially important. Iconographers prepare their own paint by mixing egg yolk and vinegar, a mixture that gives icons a smooth, shiny surface, which cannot be easily scratched or removed. Such paintings are usually a labor of love and devotion but they are also of ten commissioned to be donated to a church or monastery as an act of faith or recompense for prayers answered. Many of the icons in Cyprus are from the 16th and 18th centuries and a large number are housed in the Byzantine Museum of Archbishop Makarios III Foundation in Nicosia.

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According to legend, Aphrodite, one of the twelve Olympian Gods, Goddess of love, beauty and fertility was born of the sea-foam on the shores of Paphos. The stamp depicts the birth of Aphrodite by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli. Aphrodite could seldom be persuaded to lend to the other Goddesses her magic girdle, which made everyone fall in love with the wearer, for she was jealous of her position. Zeus had given her in marriage to Hephaestus, the lame Smith- God; however the true father of the three children she bore him was Ares (Mars) the God of war. Hephaestus knew nothing of the deception until, one night the lovers stayed too long together in bed at Ares’ Thracian palace then Helius as he rose saw them at their sport and told tales to Hephaestus.

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In the Montreal Games of 1976 the workers’ trade unions staged many and successive strikes thus compelling the Government, which feared the danger of the Games being cancelled, to advance large sums of money and benefits which combined with the efforts of the influential Mayor led to such an economic predicament that for years to come the Canadians were burdened with a huge debt. As a result many cities later declined to host the Olympics. Politics once again embroiled the Games when 24 African countries abstained from taking part in protest against the inclusion of New Zealand whose rugby team had toured racist South Africa which in turn had been excluded from the 1964 Games for just those racist policies. The outstanding personality of these Games was the Romanian Nadia Comaneci who enthralled the judges and the public with her perfect execution of the rhythmical gymnastics, earning her the gold medal with the unprecedented maximum 10 points from each and every one of the judges. Her momentous performance transformed gymnastics into a popular world sport.

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In the Montreal Games of 1976 the workers’ trade unions staged many and successive strikes thus compelling the Government, which feared the danger of the Games being cancelled, to advance large sums of money and benefits which combined with the efforts of the influential Mayor led to such an economic predicament that for years to come the Canadians were burdened with a huge debt. As a result many cities later declined to host the Olympics. Politics once again embroiled the Games when 24 African countries abstained from taking part in protest against the inclusion of New Zealand whose rugby team had toured racist South Africa which in turn had been excluded from the 1964 Games for just those racist policies. The outstanding personality of these Games was the Romanian Nadia Comaneci who enthralled the judges and the public with her perfect execution of the rhythmical gymnastics, earning her the gold medal with the unprecedented maximum 10 points from each and every one of the judges. Her momentous performance transformed gymnastics into a popular world sport.

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Man, having the need to find the necessities for his survival established the barter system of trade whereby he exchanged what was surplus to his needs with what he required. Exchanges of this kind had however their problems. The demand existed but it was necessary to have the required goods of equal value at the same time that the exchange was to take place.The first striking of coins was in Ionia and perhaps in Lydia towards the end of the 7th or 6th century B.C. The idea appears to be Greek and not Lydian as some suggest. It is certain however that the development of coinage was the creation of Greek intellect. The amazing ability of the ancient Greeks to create beautifully even the most insignificant objects in daily use, gave the coin-engravers the incentive to create truly pieces of art in the form of coins.he value of coins is determined by the weight of the metal from which a coin is made. All countries had coins of specific weight with the result that no exchange problems arose. This system remained in force until the 20th century. All the developed countries had gold pound coins of eight grams and silver coins the size of a dollar. These formed the basis of the trade. The word dollar derives from the German word "Thaler" used for the silver coin of the same size, and it derives from the word "Talanton"and "talandefsi" which was the method used for the accurate determination of the coin’s weight in ancient times. In Cyprus coins were struck towards the 5th century B.C. and Cyprus coins appear on the 1928, 1955, 1972 and 1977 commemorative issues.

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